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DESTINATION HOW TO GET HERE SERVICE THINGS TO DO FESTIVAL&EVENTS
THINGS TO DO
· Sightseeing
· Beach and water
 Beach activities
Water activities
· Geology and biology tour
Survey of marine-built costal line
Tour of island vegetation and forest
Explore ancient architecture and temples
· Demystify Buddism
Dharma assemblies held three times every year with huge turnout
Learn the history and religion, observe the worships and hear the Buddhism stories
Art of Guanyin Depiction
Religious Customs Activities
· Food and restaurants
Vegetarian food
Island-fresh sea food
· Shopping
Religious souvenir
Dried sea food, specialty goods
 
 

The largest temple – Puji

      Puji Temple is the main temple of Mount Putuo. The temple worships Guanyin, the same as most of the other temples on the island.
The temple started as Bukenqu (Reluctant to go) Guanyin Temple over a thousand years ago (916), and has been expanded many times over the years. To avoid piracy, the Temple was relocated twice to the mainland, in 1386 and 1557. On both occasions, it was, however,  moved back shortly thereafter to Mount Putuo.

During the Ming and Qing dynasties, several of the emperors supported the expansion or the rebuilding of the Temple. In 1731, Emperor Yongzheng bestowed 70,000 liangs (Chinese unit similar to ounces) of silver for the renovation of the Puji Temple. As a result, the Puji Temple expanded tremendously and even established a few branches on the mainland.
       Today, Puji Temple occupies about 20,000 square meters (about 4 acres), and is conveniently located on the island and has a scenic backdrop and beautiful surroundings. The temple is often considered the center of the Buddhism and tourism on Mount Putuo.
Puji Temple is also one of the royal temples, designated thus by the ancient emperors, as such, it is covered by golden glazed roofs. The main hall of the temple is called “Large Yuantong” hall which is said to be able to hold thousands of people without feeling crowded, yet, does not look empty without a person in it. The Guanyin statue worshipped in the hall is 8.8 meters tall and there are also 32 smaller statues showing variations of Guanyin located along the sides. These variations portrait that the Guanyin Buddha cares for all creatures on earth.
Tips: admission to the temple is 5 yuan. At 4am everyday, the temple holds a morning lesson (worship session) that is open to visitors.

The most prestigious temple - Fayu

    Construction of the Fayu Temple started in 1580, and like the Puji Temple, it has been renovated and expanded many times. In 1699, Emperor Kangxi moved a palace building from Nangjing to Fayu Temple which is known today as Yuantong Hall. As such, Yuantong Hall has been a prestigious royal construction.

         
        Certain artifacts in the building, such as, the sculptures of nine dragons, were symbols of the emperors and could not be found in ordinary buildings.
Fayu Temple is located at the foothill of Jingping mountain. The buildings in the temple are tiered along the natural slope. The main building is Yuantong (also known as nine-dragon) hall, which is one of the most prestigious buildings of all of the Chinese Buddhist temples. The hall is treated with a golden glazed roof and inside features 48 huge wooden pillars. Eight of the pillars have one dragon each and the ninth dragon comes down from the center of the ceiling.
       In the front of the hall, there are 24 stone slates with relief sculptures telling the story of the “24 filial exemplars” which teaches filial piety. At the highest point of Fayu Temple, the “Treasured Pearl Guanyin” hall can be found. The Guanyin statue in the hall is made of pure gold and a rare pearl shines in the middle of her chest. On the temple grounds are many ancient trees that are hundreds of years old. Some of the trees in the temple have been alive for over a thousand years.

The garden temple – Huiji
    Huiji Temple is located at the peak of Foding Mountain. The temple was first built in 1573. From ancient times, there has been only one path going toward the temple which is named “Xiangyun road.”Xiangyun is “fragrant cloud” in Chinese. Although there is a tramway available, the worshipers will walk Xiangyun road step by step and kowtow along the way. The ancient stone path has been polished shiny and smooth by the shoes of the worshipers and tourists.

Huiji Temple is well hidden behind trees and is built much like a Chinese garden house. Differing from the other temples on the island, Huiji Temple mainly worships Sakyamuni (Gautama Buddha) and the main hall is named “Daxiong.”  The main hall is covered with a colorful glazed roof which resembles a rainbow under the sunshine to signify that “Buddhist light shines throughout the universe.”

Tallest outdoor Guanyin statue

    The statue is 33 meters (yards) tall and weighs over 70 metric tons. It is the largest bronze Guanyin statue in the world and is also the symbol of Mount Putuo. The base of the statue is a large hall named Gongde. Gongde Hall has two levels; the top level showcases 500 small bronze statues of Guanyin and each one is 0.7 meters tall with a distinct posture. The lower level exhibits various relief sculptures on wood and jade, and most of them depict stories. The entire hall is over 1000 square meters (nearly 10,000 square feet) in size.
         
    The statue was dedicated in 1997. On the day of dedication, clouds covered the sky. Just as the dedication ceremony started, however, the clouds on top of the statue moved suddenly and a ray of sun shone through onto the statue. The statue instantly sparkled with a golden color in front of all of the worshipers. When the clouds moved further, many saw the clouds form into an image of Guanyin with identifiable facial structures. The formation lasted about twenty minutes, meanwhile, everyone at the scene began to worship.

The historical pagoda

    Duobao Pagoda (an all-treasure Pagoda also known as Prince Pagoda) is the oldest pagoda on the island and was built in 1334. The pagoda was built with Taihu stone and each side of the top three tiers has a Buddha statue carved into the stone. There are also Mongolian inscriptions next to the statues. At the base of the pagoda, there are 20 dragon heads seemingly spraying water.

The magical cave
    In Buddhism, sometimes the voice of the Buddha is likened to the sound of ocean waves. There is a Cave of Wave Sound, or Chaoyin Cave, on Mount Putuo. This “Ancient Cave of Wave Sound” is named one of the 12 most popular scenic sites on the island.
    On the wall of the cave, there is a Chinese inscription of the cave name which was written by the very famous

Emperor of the Tang dynasty – Kangxi. Chaoyin cave is at sea level and has its mouth open to the ocean. The ocean waves constantly hammer the walls of the cave. The channel inside the cave can speed up the waves and when the waves are very strong, the water can shoot up to 30 feet high inside the cave; this is all visible from the opening at the top of the cave. The sound created by such large waves is very similar to a sudden thunder boom. On sunny days, there are often rainbows inside the cave; worshipers are said to be able to see the image of Guanyin inside.

The mysterious cave


      Fanyin cave is formed by two cliffs facing each other; the cliffs are 70 meters tall. There is a natural bridge connecting the two cliffs. From the bridge, one can look back to the very deep cave as well as view the beautiful ocean in front.
      This cave is a big attraction to Guanyin worshipers because there have been many stories recounted of seeing Guanyin's images inside the cave.

 

The most interesting rock


    Pantuo rock is a landmark on Mount Putuo. It consists of two huge rocks that sit one on top of the other. In Chinese, the lower rock is called Pan and the top rock is called Tuo, hence, the name “Pantuo.” The two rocks barely touch each other and seem to be dangerously balanced. Over thousands of years, however, and through all kinds of extreme weather, the rocks have stayed put and have never moved. It is probably the most interesting scene on Mount Putuo.

 

The pious rock

      A short walk from Pantuo Rock, there are two natural turtle-shaped stones that are seemingly climbing on a huge rock. The one on the top is looking back and the one below is trying to catch up. This scene is known as “Two Turtles Listening to the Preaching of Sutra.”
When geologists did a survey in 1980's, they found sea shell fossils in the two stone turtles. This means that these “turtles” were actual ocean residents, albeit about 150 million years ago.
 

The oldest road

    This honor goes to Miaozhuangyan Road. The road happens to be the main entry way to the Buddhist mountain. Traditionally, pious worshipers walk this one and a half mile path from the ferry dock to Puji Temple. Some worshipers even make a kowtow every three steps. The road is paved with stone slates and some of the slates are decorated with lotus relief sculptures; no two lotuses are the same. The ancient trees line alongside Miaozhuangyan road to make it, without a doubt, a most scenic path for tourists..
 

The most precious inscription



       This honor goes to Yang Zhi Guanyin inscription.
       Yang Zhi nunnery (Yang Zhi means the willow branch) was built in 1608 (during the Ming dynasty). It worships Yang Zhi Guanyin in the main hall. The name of the nunnery came from the “Yang Zhi Guanyin” stone inscription which it treasures. The legend is that the picture on the inscription was originally painted by Liben Yan, a famous artist and government official in the Tang dynasty. The Yang Zhi Guanyin inscription is priceless because very few pieces of Yan's artifacts can been found today and the inscription is the only one that depicts a Buddha as well. Yang Zhi Guanyin is so named because the Guanyin in the picture holds a willow branch.

 

The most beautiful lighthouse


    That is Luojia lighthouse. Forever guiding the ships in darkness, Luojia lighthouse was built in the Ming dynasty and is many hundreds of years old. It was open to the public in 1988 and has become a special tourist attraction.

 

The grand sunrise over the ocean

    Before dawn, take a walk on the Hundred-Step beach and then watch the sunrise, you can savor the grandness of the scene and the beauty of life. When the sun breaks the morning fog like a bud turning into full blossom, half of the sky will be red and the vast ocean under it will sparkle like gold. When a few sails pass through and the golden sparkles shimmer, it's hard to move your eyes away.

 

© Isle of Mount Putuo 2007
Putuoshan Scenic Area Management Committee
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