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· Sightseeing
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· Geology and biology tour
Survey of marine-built costal line
Tour of island vegetation and forest
Explore ancient architecture and temples
· Demystify Buddism
Dharma assemblies held three times every year with huge turnout
Learn the history and religion, observe the worships and hear the Buddhism stories
Art of Guanyin Depiction
Religious Customs Activities
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As Guanyin started being widely worshiped in China, the art and literature about Guanyin has also flourished. Among the arts, sculptures and drawings of Guanyin are the most important forms.

 

Art of Guanyin Depiction

    In China, ancient depictions of Guanyin are so popular that they easily take the first place among the Buddhist depictions, and probably are also the most popular portrayals of any kind in the entire history of ancient China. There is no accurate count of number of Guanyin portraits, or even number of the forms of Guanyin portraits existed in the Chinese history. The earliest known Chinese depiction of Guanyin dated back to two thousand years ago, and there has been countless jewels of the art emerged since. There are also many different forms of the art, including stone sculpture, wooden sculpture, relief sculpture on stone, relief sculpture on wood and mural, among others.
    It is interesting to note that the depictions of Guanyin were mostly masculine before Eastern Jin Dynasty (317-420), and gradually became feminine after that. By Tang Dynasty (618-907), depictions of Guanyin was typically an image of a noble woman. They were characterized by long hair with a crown, round face, long and curvy eye brows, small and pretty nose and lips.

 
Relief sculpture on stone

    Relief sculptures of Guanyin are found mostly in stone caves. The most famous in China include one in the Guanyin Hall of western suburb of Datong city in Shanxi province and the one in “ten-thousand Buddha cave” of Longmen. Mount Putuo has a well-known “Yangzhi Guanyin” (Guanyin with willow branch) stone plaque. It is 3.34 meters tall and 1.33 meters wide. Much of the large stone plaque shows a standing Guanyin Buddha with great detail. Guanyin is depicted as a sedate beauty, well dressed in silk and satins. Her right hand holds a willow branch and left hand holds a “pure vase”.

 
Clay sculpture

    Best known clay sculptures of Guanyin are the group sculptures found in some larger temples in Zhejiang province, including Lingyin Temple of Hangzhou and temples on Mount Putuo. The group sculpture of Guanyin located in Fayu temple of Mount Putuo is one the exemplary work of the Buddhism clay sculptures. The group sculpture is located at the back of the great Yuantong hall in Fayu Temple. The sculpture is based on the story in Huayan Sutra (Avatamsaka Sutra) about Shancai (Sudhana) visiting 53 advisors. The sculpture is breathtaking for its size and beauty.
 
Wooden sculpture

    Huiji Temple has a wooden Guanyin sculpture in its Guanyin hall. The sculpture is made out of Chinese camphor and plated with gold. It is quite large at 2.9 meters tall, but still very detailed. The walls on the side have 123 inserts of Guanyin pictures that is a collection of famous Guanyin depictions over the history. Each of them is unique.

 
Brass sculpture


    The Great Guanyin Statue on Mount Putuo is a brass sculpture. It is no doubt the king of Guanyin brass sculptures giving its height (33 meters) and weight (over 70 metric tons). It is also the landmark of Mount Putuo. The base of the statue is a large hall named “Gongde hall”, inside which, additional 500 unique Guanyin statues are worshiped, and all of these 500 statues are also brass sculptures.

 
White marble sculpture

  Some Guanyin sculptures are made of Chinese pure white marble. Zhizhu Temple on Mount Putuo has two significant white marble Guanyin sculptures. The Yuantong hall in Zhizhu Temple has the sitting Guanyin sculpture, which is 2.8 meters tall. The backdrop of the sculpture is a very large Chinese painting named “Purple bamboo drawing”. The Great Compassion Quarter rests another pure white marble sculpture, which depicts the sleeping Guanyin. The sculpture weighs 4.5 metric tons and was acquired from Myanmar in 1991.

 
Hair embroidery


This is probably an exotic type of art to many. In Yangzhi Nunnery, its folk art collection included a few pieces of hair embroideries. Among them, a piece named “Yangzhi Guanyin” is 1.88 meters tall and 0.38 meters wide. Another piece named “Yangzhi Moon in Water Guanyin Picture” is 2.66 meters wide and 2.42 meters tall. These hair embroideries really use human hair as the material, and were created by maidens with dedication and piousness. The results were smooth and precise pictures exhibiting undeniable beauty.
    In addition to sculptures and pictures, Guanyin literature has also prospered. There has been countless stories, poems, novels, plays and stage shows about Guanyin. In this culture, Guanyin is more of a Chinese princess than an Indian Buddha. In this history, Guanyin's image also morphed from masculine to feminine. On Mount Putuo, just about everything is related to Guanyin, and there is certainly no shortage of Guanyin stories.

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